The island of Ceylon, as it was known by its colonial rulers, has fascinated many
generations of travellers, and has captured the imagination of explorers who have kept
returning to its shores in awe of its natural beauty and curious inhabitants.
With its location at the centre of major sea routes, the island was a coveted treasure
maritime traders. The island created a strategic link between South East Asia and West
and was an equally important stop along the silk route. The island has strong roots
in the Buddhist religion and has remained so from the ancient days. The country was the
first location from where Buddhist teachings were documented, and is one of the few
countries where Buddhism finds its abode in South Asia.
But with that said, the country boasts of a rich diversity of cultures, religions and
languages. The Sinhalese community makes up the majority of the population while Sri
Tamils concentrated in the North and the East of the island form the largest ethnic
in the island. Other communities include Burghers, Moors, Kaffirs, and Malays.
The island lays claim to a colourful and long history which spans more than three
years and also one of the longest histories to be documented in the world. The country
also a founding member of the SAARC and is a member of the UN, Commonwealth, and the
Non-Aligned movement to name a few. The country's stock market was dubbed as the best
performing stock exchange from 2009-2010.